Raymond Hearn Design Overview-
Philosophy & Process
The Raymond Hearn Design Philosophy:
The design philosophy embraced by
Raymond Hearn Golf
Course Designs incorporates ideas
and principles from a wide spectrum of disciplines. Our general philosophy
embodies the principle that a golf development, similar to all developments,
should blend harmoniously with its context. As golf becomes a more popular and
democratic sport, the golf landscape will play a critical role in strengthening
the vitality of communities. A golf course, in addition to being an exciting and
beautiful place to play golf, should be integrated into the environment within
which it is sited. A golf course should contribute positively toward the
cultural identity, social structure, and environmental integrity of a community.
to the specific aspects of golf architecture, we believe a golf
course should be a fair challenge to all levels of golfers;
economical to construct and maintain; and accessible to as many
people as possible. We strive to achieve these goals through an
intense design development process. Through our experience, we have
found that as a design evolves on paper, the better the final
product created. We work diligently with the owner and the owner's
consultants to ensure the best possible design is achieved prior to
commencing construction. Delving into the detail level of a golf
course design on paper allows us to make very fine changes later in
the field during construction. These final "brush strokes" made in
the field are what separates a simply good golf course from a great
golf course. Also, the attention to detail in the design phase
allows for more economical construction, as builders will understand
precisely what is to be constructed.
golf standpoint, the intent of
our designs is to create a golfing environment that will challenge both the
expert and the novice golfer. We work very hard during the design
development stage of the project to ensure that each hole has the proper
balance of risk and reward that integrates with the inherent site
characteristics. Strategic golf holes, that make golfers have to think, is a
critical component to a great golf course.
appeal is also a key component
to a quality golf development. Our extensive education and experience in
landscape architecture has allowed us to create golf courses that are
visually appealing and function harmoniously with their natural environment.
We know that a majority of golfers desire a visually pleasurable space on
which to enjoy the sport of golf. Our designs utilize all of the natural
features a site has to offer so the final product integrates naturally with
gaining in popularity all of
the time and golf courses will continue to be developed to fulfill demand
for the game. We strongly believe that to create the best possible golf
course, a thorough design process that incorporates all issues, large and
small, must be implemented. At Raymond Hearn Golf Course Designs we believe our
process is the most comprehensive in the industry. Everything from how the
golf course relates to other community spaces, to the best way to slope a
green on a short par three, needs to be fully addressed to create the best
possible golf landscape.
The Raymond Hearn Design
Hearn Golf Course Designs
utilizes a comprehensive and complete design process to ensure that the best
possible golf course is created for every site. Raymond Hearn, a trained
landscape architect, understands the power behind a thorough architectural
design development process. Through a detailed and comprehensive process,
not only will the best design be manifest, but it will be created in the
most cost effective way. The process, many parts of which are often skipped
by others, has been proven to work and to save long term dollars. There is
truly no substitute for a well thought out process that is coupled with
diligent field visits to put on the "final brush strokes" that will elevate
a golf course from very good to great.
The process used at Raymond
Hearn Golf Course Designs (RHGCD) takes longer to implement, because it relies on the
RHGCD team to imagine, visualize and describe the ideas before a shovel hits the
ground. This allows the Owner two significant benefits:
1. Visualization of the
Architects ideas before they are built.
2. Detailed construction information by which Contractors are able to
provide exact and usually lower prices.
It is these two items that
clients at RHGCD have found most beneficial.
To take a
graphic tour of our design process, click the flag below
Goals and Objectives
Meeting: The first meeting with Owner will involve discussing the goals,
objectives, scope and program of the entire development. A clear
understanding from the outset of the roles of the different team players and
the expectations of each is critical to the success of the project. At this
meeting, the responsibilities of each consultant will be clarified and a
design schedule will be created.
Base Plan Preparation:
This phase identifies the necessary base information needed to start the
design process. The Owner is responsible for securing and providing this
information to RHGCD; we will work with the Owner to facilitate this process.
The following are the items that need to be procured before any substantial
design work can be accomplished:
photographs 1” = 100’ or 1” = 200’
2. Topographic mapping 1”=100’ with a contour interval of 1 ft or 2 ft
3. Graphic property boundary survey 1” = 100’
4. Survey showing existing utilities, easements and ROWS
5. Wetland boundary survey 1” = 100’
6. Floodplain survey 1” = 100'
7. Endangered & historical features 1”= 100’
8. Other applicable mapping
9. Engineering soil borings identifying topsoil type & amount , subsoil
amount and type of rock, water table, well etc.
then enter this information into our CAD system and format per RHGCD specifications in order to prepare a base sheet for future
(Optional – as
requested) Concept Plan: This plan
is only a conceptual first and only design attempt and is not always
necessary. If an Owner is already sure of the potential for a golf course on
the property, then this phase may be eliminated. The purpose of the plan is
to serve as a general spatial analysis involving all proposed amenities on
the land in question. The plan may also be used as a persuasive tool in
presentations to financial institutions, potential investors and government
agencies. This plan is not to be used for any other purpose, and shall in no
way be construed as 'the design'.
Inventory and Analysis
Plans: A complete understanding of the project site is imperative before
planning can begin. A thorough analysis of the site will be completed which
will investigate different aspects of the property. This inventory and
analysis will include a review and plans of the following:
Opportunities & Constraints
Environmental and Engineering consultant’s wetland, floodplain, easements,
zoning, soil borings and other applicable mapping. (Review only)
click for Inventory and Analysis Plan examples
Schematic Land Use Plans:
We will develop a host of different alternatives for utilizing the site to
its greatest potential. This will include multiple drawings, which will
explore different concepts of land use and golf course routings. After we
develop and review many different schemes within our own office, we will
present our three best options to the Owner for his or her review. Some of
the land uses these plans will depict are the following:
1. Layout of the
2. Entrance road, parking, maintenance and clubhouse areas. (To be reviewed
by the Owner’s clubhouse architect and engineer.)
3. Conceptual layout of residential, commercial or other developments, if
applicable. The land planner or engineer will review and refine these
concepts as they relate to their respective locations and alignment to the
4.These plans will be presented to the Owner and the consultants for review
click for Schematic Land Use Plan example
Master Plan and Cost
Estimate: This phase entails the refinement of the Schematic Land Use
Plans presented earlier. We endeavor to integrate the most favorable
elements from the Schematic Land Use Plans into the Master Plan. Our role
will focus solely on the golf course proper. The owner’s other consultants
will be responsible for refining all other conceptual land uses around the
golf course including but not limited to the residential, clubhouse,
maintenance, parking, rest rooms and other development areas.
A design workshop with the
Owner and consultants may be necessary in order to create the Master Plan
for the project.
Once a final design is agreed
upon, we will provide the following:
complete color rendering of the entire project at a scale of 1” = 200’.
A preliminary range of construction costs for the proposed golf course.
Detailed, multiple tee scorecard for the golf course.
Preliminary cross-sections of each hole
At the end of this stage, the
Owner is to hire a well drilling company to identify if there is an adequate
water supply on site.
click for Master Plan example
(Optional – as requested)
Investor, Committee Presentations: We will assist the Owner in making
presentations to potential financial, investor groups or committees
interested in the project. We will personally give presentations and/or
tours to groups or individuals around the property and verbally describe the
vision of the Master Plan.
Strategy and Feature
Development Drawings: This phase will include the design of the strategy
and feature development of each individual golf hole. Each design concept
that will be explored for each hole will be based upon the master plan
routing and overall vision for the project. A packet of smaller scale,
individual hole drawings will be developed and presented to the Owner for
review. Specifically, our plans will show the strategic design detail for
the following amenities found on each hole:
click for Strategy Drawing example
Preliminary Grading Plan:
We will prepare a preliminary grading plan that shows all “cut and fill”
areas on the golf course as well as a preliminary estimate of the quantities
involved. This plan is often necessary as part of the permit process. The
Owner is to provide engineered soil borings to a depth of 10 feet (number
will vary) and topsoil testing for particle size analysis, infiltration
rate, pH and contaminants.
click for Preliminary Grading Plan example
(Optional – as requested)
Permitting Assistance: All Federal, State, County, Township and Local
Government permitting is the owner’s responsibility and shall be completed
by the Owner and his/her local Environmental and/or Engineering Consultants.
RHGCD will assist the Owner and Consultant on an hourly basis as requested.
click for Permit Plan example
Construction Drawings &
Specifications: The construction drawings are documents that will make
the golf course constructible. These drawings will precisely describe to a
potential golf course builder what is needed to create the finished project.
These drawings range in scale and are drawn with exceptional detail.
Drawings included are as follows
1. Staking Plans at 1” = 200’:
This plan shows the precise locations of the greens, tees and landing areas
that are to be clearly staked in the field.
2. Site Plan at 1” = 200’
3. Clearing and Thinning Plans at 1” = 200’: This plan precisely shows the
different areas of the property that need to be cleared, thinned and grubbed
for the golf course. The specific specimen trees that are to remain will be
indicated and clearly marked to be saved.
4. Soil Erosion and Storm Drainage Plan: This is the responsibility of the
Owner’s Engineer or Environmental Consultant. We will consult on this plan
on an hourly basis if requested.
5. Grading Plans at 1” = 100’ or 1” = 50’: This plan will indicate the
existing and proposed grades for the project using contour lines and spot
elevations. The grades will be indicated to the nearest tenth of a foot and
will show the detailed proposed grading for all features including fairways,
tees, roughs, sand bunkers, grass depressions and other features. Great care
will be taken to ensure that the proposed grading integrates and utilizes
the natural terrain on site.
6. Tee Plans at 1” = 50’ : These plans show the specific elevations, slopes,
and grassing details for all the tees including the practice tee.
7. Green Plans at 1” = 20’: These plans show the specific elevations, slopes
and grassing details for all of the greens including the practice greens.
The grades for the green surfaces are shown every 10 feet.
8. Irrigation, Pump Station & Well Plans – This plan is the responsibility
of the Owner’s irrigation design consultant.
9. Grassing Plans: These drawings will show the locations of all the grass
species and varieties to be planted on the golf course.
10. Golf Course Circulation Plans: This drawing will show the proposed
circulation of the cart paths, bridges and boardwalks. This plan needs to be
reviewed, finalized and approved by the Owner’s engineer.
11. Golf Course Landscape Plan: This drawing will show the proposed
locations for specific varieties of deciduous and coniferous tree species.
This plan will also indicate any wetland planting areas and planting beds.
This plan does not include clubhouse, parking & entrance areas.
12. Main Line and Storm Drainage Plan: This plan is the responsibility of
the Owner’s engineer and should include all controlled outlets off the site.
RHGCD will review and design the golf course drainage plan to tie into this
13. Golf Course Drainage Plan: This plan will show the drainage system for
the golf course only. The mainline trunk line for this network is to be
designed, sized and sealed by the Owner’s engineer along with a storm
14.Construction Specifications: This is a booklet that verbally describes
the materials and specifications for the work to be performed. This booklet
will form the basis of a contract between the Owner and the Contractor.
click for Construction Drawing examples
Bidding and Contract
Assistance: Once the project is ready to be built, we will assist the
Owner in finding qualified contractors to bid on the construction of the
project. We will conduct a pre-bid meeting with all of the potential
Contractors during which we will clarify the project and field any questions
by the Contractors. Once bids are received, we will compile and analyze all
of the bids received in a comprehensive spreadsheet. If necessary, we will
then work with the Owner in negotiating the contract with the selected golf
course builder. The specific contract is the responsibility of the Owner and
the Owner’s Attorney. RHGCD
will assist as requested.
Observation of Construction:
In order to completely manifest the best final product for the client, it is
essential that we observe construction of the golf course. We will make
periodic visits to the site during active construction to ensure the
Contractor is fulfilling the intended vision of the project per the Golf
Course Architect’s discretion. Detail adjustments when necessary will be
directed in the field and documented through progress reports to the Owner.
Our services will also include approving any approximate percentages of work
completed associated with payment requests, reviewing and commenting on any
change orders or requests made by the contractor during the construction
phase. Specifically we will provide the following:
1. Numerous site
visits depending on the stage and pace of construction.
2. Review of Contractor’s payment request related specifically limited to
quality and amount of work completed relevant to each payment request. The
Owner’s representative or attorney shall be responsible for all other
specifics related to the payment requests.
3. Detailed site visit report subsequent to each visit and copied to the
Contractor and related consultants.
4. Final inspection walk through and punch list preparation for the owner
and contractor to complete the project.
click for Construction Observation photo
Grow-in Consultation: We
will make two visits to the site approximately one and six months after
construction is complete to observe and make recommendations regarding the
establishment of turf on the golf course, prevention of erosion, trimming of
trees, and suggestions for details such as benches, ball washers and trash
receptacles. Each site visit will be followed up with a comprehensive report
of findings as well as our recommendations for any improvements.